Answered: How to Cruise Without a Passport

There’s a major reason people love to take cruises. Yes, they are one of the best values for seeing multiple ports. And yes, the sun and the fun are huge draws.

But more than anything, people love to cruise because it’s easy. You just pack your bags, find your cabin, and then you’re whisked away to exotic ports. What could be simpler?

Well, if you don’t have a passport, then it’s not always so easy.

Every cruise line has warnings that every passenger should travel with a valid passport. In fact, we also suggest that every cruise passenger have a passport.

But what many people don’t know is that in most cases you don’t have to have a passport to cruise.

That’s good news if you have a trip coming up and don’t already have one.

Taking a Cruise With No Passport — Thousands Do It

Frankly, if you are only an occasional traveler, we can understand why you wouldn’t have a passport already nor be very eager to get one.

For one, new passports are somewhat expensive. A passport book costs $110, plus a $35 “execution” fee for adults. For kids, it is $80 plus a $35 fee.

So if you are taking a family of four on a trip for the first time and want to supply them all with passports, that’s more than $500 spent before you even set foot on a ship:

Passport fees

You can get a passport card (basically a fancy driver’s license) for only $30 ($15 for kids), plus the $35 fee. It’s cheaper, but not as versatile as a traditional passport.

For example, if something happens on your cruise and you need to fly back, the passport card does no good. It’s only valid for land and sea entries from Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Bermuda.

Of course, all of these options suppose that you have the time to get a new passport before your cruise. As you can see below, it can take several weeks before you can expect yours to arrive after ordering. Some people may simply not have enough time before their trip.

Passport processing times

Luckily, a little known law helps most people from having to deal with the time or expense of getting a new passport for their cruise.

How to Cruise Without a Passport

The law is called the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, or WHTI for short. Put simply, this rule says that if you embark and debark at the same port in the United States, then you can enter the U.S. using only a birth certificate and a driver’s license.

Here’s the official language:

U.S. citizens on closed-loop cruises (cruises that begin and end at the same U.S. port) are able to enter the United States with a birth certificate and government-issued photo ID. Please be aware that you may still be required to present a passport to enter the countries your cruise ship is visiting. Check with your cruise line to ensure you have the appropriate documents.

Note that kids under 16 can travel with just the birth certificate on closed-loop cruises. They don’t need the photo ID.

So if this is the case, why are the cruise lines — and Cruzely — so adamant about getting a passport in the first place?

There are a couple of reasons.

First, if anything were to happen that made you have to find alternate transport home, then you’d be in deep water without a passport. For example, if you had to fly home from a foreign port due to a family emergency, then you’d have trouble returning without a passport.

Second, just because the U.S. allows travel with a birth certificate and photo ID, doesn’t mean other countries will let you enter with one.

To be straightforward, we haven’t heard of this happening in most Caribbean ports — they love the dollars that come with cruise passengers and try to make things as easy as possible for them to visit. Still, they could require a passport if they wanted to do so.

Our suggestion is to always sail with a passport that’s valid for at least six months after your cruise. But if that’s not possible, then you can sail with a birth certificate and a government-issued photo ID.

If there are any doubts, be sure to contact your cruise line well in advance of your trip. We have heard of cruise lines requiring every passenger have a passport, even if the WHTI says otherwise.

Frequently Asked Questions

When do I show my birth certificate?

For the most part, you’ll keep your birth certificate locked away in your cabin safe or in your luggage as you travel. You’ll need to show it only when you check-in before you get on the ship and when you disembark at the end of your trip.

Do I need to bring my birth certificate into port?

No, but it wouldn’t hurt to bring a copy of it with you, just in case (leave the original in the cabin safe). When you get off the ship in port, you don’t need your birth certificate to enter or leave.

You should bring a photo ID and your cabin keycard with you as they will be checked to make sure you are supposed to be on the ship when you return.

Are there advantages to using a passport instead of a birth certificate to cruise?

Yes. We discussed above how a passport gives you more flexibility if you need to return home in the middle of your cruise. While that’s rare, there is another advantage to having a passport: faster debarkation.

Today many cruise lines have switched to facial recognition to speed up debarking. You simply scan your passport, take a photo and then you are on your way off the ship. If you have a birth certificate, your documents will be manually checked and it takes much longer.


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Tanner is the founder of Having grown up on the coast and sailing on everything from a 50' pleasure craft to the newest cruise ships, he's drawn on his experience to write hundreds of articles about every aspect of cruising. He has been quoted in The Washington Post, USAToday, and CBSNews, along with dozens more publications and websites. His homeport is Galveston, but he's visited and sailed from ports all around the country, including Miami, Port Canaveral, Port Everglades, Seattle, Los Angeles and more. You can contact him by emailing [email protected]


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